Protected Characteristics

9 Protected Characteristics of the Equality Act 2010

9 Protected Characteristics

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Age

A person belonging to a particular age (for example 32 year olds) or range of ages (for example 18 to 30 year olds).

 

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Religion & Belief

Religion refers to any religion, including a lack of religion. Belief refers to any religious or philosophical belief and includes a lack of belief. 

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Disability

A person has a disability if she or he has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on that person's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.

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Race

Refers to the protected characteristic of race. It refers to a group of people defined by their race, colour, and nationality (including citizenship) ethnic or national origins.

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Sex

A man or a woman.

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Sexual Orientation

Whether a person's sexual attraction is towards their own sex, the opposite sex or to both sexes.

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Civil Partnership & Marriage

Marriage is a union between a man and a woman or between a same-sex couple. Same-sex couples can also have their relationships legally recognised as 'civil partnerships'. 

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Gender Reassignment

The process of transitioning from one gender to another.

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Pregnancy & Maternity

Pregnancy is the condition of being pregnant or expecting a baby. Maternity refers to the period after the birth, and is linked to maternity leave in the employment context.